Egg Production Practices: A Herbal and Organic Approach

Egg Production Practices: A Herbal and Organic Approach

Introduction

The organic industry has come of age in the past few years. Huge progress has been made in the last ten years in organic field. In recent years, organic market growth has encouraged the participation of agribusiness interests. As the volume and variety of “organic” products increases, the viability of the small-scale organic farming also increases. At the same time need of knowledge and awareness helps the farmers which herbal product is best suited s per their need. Taking in view the following considerations ADLIFE NUTRACUTICALS has helped a lot. As it signifies and lays stress on total herbal and organic approach

Organic egg production is the production of eggs through organic means. In this process, the poultry are fed organic feed. Further, demand is shifting towards traditional chickens due to consumer health awareness and sensitivity and the many benefits of organically produced food products. The humble egg is one of the great staples of the human diet and a major pillar of the local food movement. Modern industrial farms have taken measures to increase egg production rates that go far beyond what we in the eco-agriculture movement would consider normal or humane. But even ecologically-conscious egg producers, whether at the commercial or homestead level, can implement measures to safely increase laying rates.

If you are thinking how to increase egg production in commercial layers, Some points should be kept in mind.

  1. Knowledge about the production capabilities
  2. Identification of egg laying chicken
  3. Awareness about the egg production rate

Egg Production Expectation

A laying hen lays only one egg in a day, and in some days it may not lay any eggs at all. It totally depends on the hen’s reproductive system. A hen body start to form a new egg after it has laid the previous egg. It takes about 26 hours to form an egg fully, so mathematically a hen will lay its next egg two hours late each day, the reproductive system of a hen also sensitive to light exposure. So if a hen lays egg too late in a day it will skip the next day.

A flock of hens do not start laying on the same day. They also do not lay eggs for the same period of time. The time period that a hen will produce eggs varies from hen to hen. The egg level of egg production decreases each year and the size of the eggs increases. To maintain optimum level of egg production use a combination of ANYTOX and ADIMMONE. The number of eggs that a hen produces each year and the number of years that a hen produces eggs depends on some factors:

  1. Management of pullets prior to lay
  2. Breed
  3. Light management
  4. Space allowances
  5. Nutrition
  • : Another important factor that makes you hens to lay eggs occasionally is the subtraction of important food ingredients.

Identification of laying hens

  1. Structure

To determine the hens which are egg laying chickens, first you have to know about the types of hens you are using it is important to determine the hens. In many breeds, the hens which are laying eggs have a large red combs and wattles. In other types of breed, the hens which are laying eggs have a normal combs and wattles but it becomes fade after the laying period.

  1. Pigment

The hens lose the pigments in a specific order. First the color start to fade from the vent, then start to fade in face and last of all the feet.

  1. Deposits of fat

There is another method of identifying the hens which are laying now is by evaluating the level of fat in the abdominal and abdomen capacity which can be measured by measuring the distance between the breast bones or between the pubic bones or by measuring the distance between the pubic bones and tip of the keel.

Factors that Affect Egg Production of Poultry

There are many factors that directly or in directly affects the egg production rate. To know these factors we need to do a research on the history of hens. The factors like aging, feed consumption, water, intensity and duration of light, diseases etc affects the production of eggs.

  1. Stress

Stress Can Slow Egg Production

Reduce as much stress from your hens as you can.

Seasonal stresses can affect egg production. Producers in the Southwest have long known that extended periods of wind and heat can send egg production into a nosedive. Hard, cold snaps of even short duration can similarly send egg numbers downward. Here in India, we have the good fortune to often get long spells of deep cold and harsh summer heat within just a few months of each other.

An increase of protein can often be helpful during these stressful times. Include a vitamin/electrolyte product i.e. “COOL-A-CHICK”  in the drinking water during periods of stress.

  1. Aging Hen

A hen’s egg production is at its peak from approximately 6 to 18 months of age. Somewhere around one and a half to two years after hatching, the average chicken will go into a molt and lose a lot of feathers and grow new ones. Their protein requirements increase to fuel the feather growth. During this period add few drops of ANYTOX as a Toxin Binder and Liver Tonic as toxicity also increases.  Once she gets back into the swing of things she will lay fewer, larger eggs. Some people like the larger eggs from their older hens, but you will be collecting less ‘egg mass’ per hen. With aging, hens will lay fewer and fewer eggs.

In earlier times people would generally put their older hens in the stewing pot and make a meal of them. Many modern homesteaders choose to do the same. Cull the hens sometime in their second year, unless they keep up better than average production. If there are a number of stewing hens ready to butcher around the same time, butcher one day and can the meat and stock the next day. If time is limited or the weather is hot, stick them all in the freezer to cook up later.

  1. Important food ingredients

o          Salt: Every animal needs salt. If you subtract salt from the food list it will reduce the egg production rate. Most of the animal’s food contains salt in the form of sodium chloride. It doesn’t contain any iodine.

Sodium is an important nutrient which plays an important role in maintaining the body fluid volume, proper osmotic relation and blood ph. Chlorine is also an important ingredient. HCl which release from stomach helps to digest food. Chlorine also maintains the osmotic balance in body fluid.

o          Calcium: The egg shell of hens is mainly composed of calcium carbonate. New hens need relatively a low amount of calcium at their growing period but when it start to lay eggs, it needs more calcium about four times relative to previous days. Inadequate calcium supply will lead to reduce egg production rate. Calcium can be supplied with the food. Limestone is a great source of calcium. You can mix it with the food you supply to your hens.

o          Vitamin D: Vitamin D is needed for the absorption of calcium. If improper vitamin D is supplied with the food ingredient it will result in decreased egg production. Feed contains vitamin D in two forms D3 and D2. In birds D3 is more active than D2. So you have to supply vitamin D only in the form of D3.

o          Protein: The requirement of protein is actually the requirement of amino acid which constitute the protein. There are about 22 types of amino acid in body protein and all of them are essential. Hens can’t produce all of them and also can’t produce enough to meet their requirement. So poultry farmers need to supply extra protein with the supplied food. The requirement of amino acid depends on the age, type and strain.

Be sure to give your chickens the proper feed for best results. Young chickens should receive chick starter until they are around 6 to 8 weeks old, and then grower rations until close to laying age. Switch them over to a good quality layer feed to give them the vitamins, minerals, protein, and calories they need to lay those beautiful eggs.

There are a number of appetite-stimulating/tonic-type products that producers can add to drinking water. ANYTOX is one of the best solutions for the problem.

  1. Food

Successful, profitable egg production begins and ends with the hen’s breeding, feeding, and care.

To keep its body functioning and to produce one of these self-contained, nutrient-rich units each day, it’s essential a laying hen receive a balanced diet with adequate levels of protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins and minerals.

For laying flocks older than 16 to 20 weeks, experts generally recommend a balanced layer ration containing 16- to 18-percent protein and approximately 3½-percent calcium to promote strong eggshells.

Many raisers also offer free-choice oyster shell for extra calcium in case their feed falls short of this important mineral. Calcium deficiency can result in thin-shelled eggs and leg problems. You may need to offer your birds the higher-protein feed during periods of peak egg production and when hot weather causes birds to eat less.

If you keep your flock confined, don’t forget to provide them with a source of insoluble grit to assist in grinding the feed in their gizzards. You’ll find oyster shell, grit, formulated layer rations and various types of feeders at your local feed store. Some even carry balanced, organic layer diets, if you prefer your flock dine on food free of antibiotics and grown in a sustainable fashion.

  1. Water

Laying chickens also require a constant supply of fresh, clean water. Add ADS Plus to purify it which not only acts as Disinfectant but Acidifies and Sanitises the whole water. Not only does a chicken’s body use this life-sustaining liquid for numerous physiological functions, but water also comprises more than half of an egg’s volume. You must ensure your birds have a reliable water source during both hot and dry periods and freezing weather or their egg production will suffer.

  1. Coop

Along with a balanced diet and ample water, your chickens need protection from the elements, predators and disease to stay alive and healthy—and thus keep laying eggs. A cold, wet chicken, for example, will be forced to spend its energy reserves trying to stay warm rather than on egg production. A sick or stressed chicken will often reduce its egg output or completely quit laying. In this situation a bird needs some Immune modulator like ADIMMONE which

  • Increases non specific Immune response for overall protection against various infectious agents.
  • Helps as antioxidants, antibacterial and Growth stimulator
  • Promotes more eggs

Conclusion

The poultry house must allow a plenty of sunlight and ventilation. Removable doors or curtains can be used so that the openings can easily be opened when the climate changes. You need to keep the house comfortable and clean by ventilating from all the sides in the time of summer and closing the openings at the time of winter.

The caged layer hens are placed in a poultry battery cage with the supply of enough food and water to each cage. Each cage contains maximum 1 or 3 hens. Poultry cages come with full accessories: Nipple drinking system, Medication tanks, Adjustable foot plates for leveling, Water pipe, Pipe connect and Feeder groove, etc. The cages provide big help to manage the egg producing hens.

  • Clean the eggs: Frequent egg collection with dry, clean, uncovered coops and nest box will last a long time keeping your bird’s eggs clean.

If the eggs are found to be clean you don’t need to wash it again, it will remove the invisible protective layer. If the amount of dirt is small, you can follow these:

o          Dry clean the eggs with the help of fine grit paper.

o          You can use weight washing. But if you do it improperly bacteria can be sucked into the eggs.

o          Do not store the eggs with odorous foods.

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