ORGANIC POULTRY INDUSTRY: PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT

ORGANIC POULTRY INDUSTRY: PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT

ORGANIC POULTRY INDUSTRY: PRACTICES AND MANAGEMENT

Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India today. Production of eggs and broilers is raising at much more faster pace than that of production of agricultural as a result; India is now world’s fifth largest egg producer and eighteenth largest producer of broiler. Inspite of all the positive aspects still the issues of food safety and quality remains unaddressed. Hence in the Poultry world new interventions in the form of “ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING.” There is a need to discuss the various issues of organic farming along with necessary interventions required in Poultry breeding, feeding, housing and health care management under Indian scenario. Poultry sector plays a significant role in improving the socio – economic condition of rural masses by generating gainful employment and augmenting family income particularly among the marginal farmers and women in rural areas FAO / WHO. Codex alimentations commission defines organic farming as “A unique production management system which promotes and enhances agro – ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological activity.”

The main aim of organic farming is to establish and maintain soil – plant, plant – animal and animal – soil interdependence and to produce a sustainable agro – ecological system based on the local resources.

BREEDING GOALS

  1. Feeding on Organic medicines and feeds and farm byproducts.
  2. Satisfying egg production.
  3. Useful as meat.
  4. Good health, good resistance against diseases.
  5. Antibiotic free chicken & eggs.

 

PLAN OF WORK

January 15th day – shed preparation 20th day – disinfection of shed 25th day buying of chicken February 1st day – ration feeding live. March selling in market and consumption expected outcomes

  • The weekly weight gain and feed efficiency will be known.
  • Growth performance of broiler will be indentified.
  • Nutrient digestibility will be identified.
  • Rearing of broilers will be known.

POULTRY HOUSING AND MANAGEMENT

         The main objective to follow organic housing and management standards is to provide an opportunity for poultry bird to exhibit all its normal behavior patterns. Stress free birds are likely to have a positive effect upon both the health and production capacity of the flock. Besides feed, litter material and water, the flock should be given MOLPRO and ADIMMONE which are totally organic and produced basically to release stress in flock.

MOLPRO:- 200 Gm/ 5000 chicks in first drinking water for 10 days.

ADIMMONE:-  100 ML/5000 chicks (from 5th day)

HEALTH CARE IN ORGANIC POULTRY PRODUCITION

If all management practices are directed to the well being of the birds, they will achieve maximum resistance against disease and proven infections. Sick and infected birds should be given prompt and adequate treatment when illness does occur in the birds, objective should be to find the cause and prevent future outbreaks by eliminating the cause and changing management practices use of antibiotics should be avoided use of natural medicines and methods including Homeopathy and Ayurvedic should be emphasized in hot and humid climate area, coccidiosis and parasitic problems are more common for this, organic and herbal medicine naming DILACOX should be given to eliminate the above said diseases. DOC should be observed regularly for vaccination to develop strong immunity for this regular use of ADIMMONE should be there to enhance the immunity.

DILACOX:- 2ml/Ltr. twice a day

ADIMMONE:- 2ml/Ltr. twice a day

POLICY INTERVENTIONS FOR PROMOTION OF ORGANIC POULTRY

Organic poultry production in India at the moment is not regulated by any formal standards at national level except few prescribed standards by international open agencies (IFOAM) further govt. should provide opportunities within future for national and regional marketing and processing grant schemes for the development of centralizing packing and processing policies. However, a more critical review of some of these standards with respect to organic poultry for India is necessary. Developing processing and marketing standards for poultry including the optional use of indications concerning the type of farming is the need of the hour.

Categories: Articles