Poultry Diseases & Nutrition

Poultry Diseases & Nutrition

A disease program in the management of poultry is very important as this will see that the cost and efficiency to chronic diseases are reduced. This program may not bear fruit immediately but will be effective in the long term. You must have studied a lot about the chicken and the poultry diseases in the subject of biology and now is the time to apply the methods. Below are the major sources of diseases in poultry animals and birds.

Sources of diseases

Human

Human beings are a great possibility of transmitting diseases to poultry. Carriers may be visitors, neighbors, the owner or even workers of the farm.

Poultry brought to the farm

New poultry introduced to the farm can be carriers of infectious diseases. Wild birds may carry and transmit diseases to poultry in the farm. Diseases such as salmonella, coli forms may be transmitted from the dam to the offspring through the egg.

Poor sanitation

For diseases to be prevented in poultry proper sanitation should be observed. Cleaning of equipment in the poultry should be done thoroughly to control diseases. Proper ventilation in the brooder prevents moisture and organisms that causes diseases.

Disinfecting

Disinfecting routinely of poultry should be done severally. Cleaning of the surfaces with detergents should be done first before disinfecting.

Quarantine chickens

When a sick chick is noticed, it should be quarantined to prevent spreading of the disease. When the unhealthy bird is in quarantine it should be checked and diagnosed accurately.

Vaccinating chickens

Farmers with a small flock rarely vaccinate their poultry due to the high cost of vaccines and limited availability. Vaccines should be done to birds that are transported on and off the farm. Birds that are introduced to another flock should also be vaccinated.

Awareness of top chicken diseases

A sick chicken is less active, retracts its neck close to its body and has a unkempt appearance. Some of the common diseases are: pecking and cannibalism, vitamin A deficiency, lice infestation, rickets, coccidiosis, fowl cholera, fowl pox, capillariasis (hairworm), Ascaridiasis (roundworm), colibacillosis and mycoplasmosis.

Disease prevention is much less stressful and costly than disease control and recovery. Prevention of disease control in commercial poultry requires the farmer to be strict on the biosecurity measures.

Disease prevention and control will increase the production of poultry in a farm If the proper measures are followed.

If you’re a poultry farm owner, you must remember the sources of diseases and should take your actions based on that. Make sure to clean up the poultry farm every week for sure. For more information, please comment below and I’ll try to get back with my answers.

Source: Poultry Bazaar

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