Significance of Organic Herbs for the Treatment of C.R.D.

Significance of Organic Herbs for the Treatment of C.R.D.

Herbal Medicine  is a time-honored practice of natural medicine that is older than mankind itself. The practice of using traditional herbal medicine based therapy is nowadays gaining more attention worldwide. Among the livestock sectors, poultry production systems are the most intensively reared with developments especially in the areas of nutrition, disease control, genetic improvement, management and organization of dietary requirements along with the pressure of increasing demand for poultry products as well as threats of emerging pathogens. So this sector is badly in need of sustainable therapeutic and production aids especially based on herbs because of the advantages like, low cost, easy availability, no residual effect, free from the threat of antibiotic resistance etc. Many herbs have been recorded to be fruitfully used by veterinarians to treat a variety of disease conditions in animals. This article emphasizes the useful and practical application of the rich heritage of herbal wealth for safeguarding poultry health in terms of chronic respiratory diseases (along with immunomodulatory actions for countering immunosuppressive diseases. Moreover, highlighting herb-based poultry growth promoters for increasing production performances use of herbs as antioxidants and their role in organic egg and meat production is a special attraction of the review that will draw the attention of the poultry specialists as well as farming community. The information will be useful to increase poultry production and protect the health of birds in a better way from traditional ways towards modern perspectives and also would promote and popularize usage of herbs amongst poultry producers.

CRD is a specific disease caused by one of the group of organisms known is pleuro pneumonia like organism (PPLO) but more closely defined is mycoplasma, the particular organism directly associated with CRD is Alycoplasma glallisepticum with or without any secondary complications. According to the recommendations of FAQ committee meeting held in may 1969, the term “ Avian Respiratory Mycoplasmosis (ARM) be used in uncomplicated outbreaks involving only pathogenic avian PPLC (Mycoplasma) and the term CRD be used when PPLO infection is superimposed with other condition. The mortality entirely to CRD is negligible but it is important because it predisposes the birds to infection for other diseases producing organisms.

Transmission:-

  1. gallisepticum is transmitted through eggs but organisms can also pass from bird to bird through nasal discharges and through droppings it can also be transmitted by hands, feet and clothes of attendants

Prevention and control

Eradication of this infection has been the central objective of official poultry health programmes in most countries, therefore M.g. infection status is important for trade in birds, hatching eggs and chicks. These programmes are based on purchase of uninfected chicks, all-in/all-out production, biosecurity, and routine serological monitoring. In some circumstances preventative medication of known infected flocks may be of benefit.

Live attenuated or naturally mild strains are used in some countries and may be helpful in gradually displacing field strains on multi-age sites. Productivity in challenged and vaccinated birds is not as good as in M.g.-free stock

 

  1. The best way to control CRD is to keep it out of clean areas and flocks.
  2.  Replacements should never be obtained from an unknown source or from a flock with a recent history of respiratory disease because of the danger of obtaining an apparently healthy carrier.
  3. Baby chicks should be obtained from a reliable hatchery where healthy breeder flocks are maintained under constant supervision. They should be raised in isolation.
  4. Eggs from flocks showing any active respiratory infection should never be set.
  5. The numerous stress factors climatic extremes, improper sanitation and management, and concurrent bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases that may initiate a severe outbreak of CRD as well as the chronic nature of the disease emphasize the need of adequate sanitation and management throughout the growing and laying period.
  6. Birds should be raised in properly ventilated houses that provide adequate protection against extreme variations of temperature. Overcrowding should be avoided.
  7. Drinkers and other equipment should be cleaned and disinfected (with ADS Plus solution) periodically.
  8. Farms should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after one flock has used them and before another flock is put in them.
  9. If conditions favor a less drastic method, the flock should be kept well isolated, and all birds known to be infected should be removed. Identification of infected birds is usually accomplished by physical examination of all birds in the flock and (in a limited number of instances) by the use of experimental blood tests. Unless extremely valuable birds are involved, the rest of the flock should be marketed as soon as that is possible. In cither instance, the entire premises should be cleaned thoroughly and disinfected before new birds arrive

Symptoms

Uncomplicated CRD is frequently subclinical when symptoms are present they are normally milk in nature and include cough, sneezing and nasal discharge. On postmortem examination the trachea may be found inflamed and the air sacs thickened with pus. The condition affecting disease but it is more pronounced when other factors including bacteria complicate the original CRD infection. Following are the common symptoms

  1. Coughing. Nasal and ocular discharge.
  2. Poor productivity and Slow growth.
  3. Leg problems. Stunting. Inappetance.
  4. Reduced hatchability and chick viability.
  5. Occasional encephalopathy and abnormal feathers. Catarrhal inflammation of nasal passages, sinuses, trachea and bronchi.
  6. Occasionally arthritis.
  7. Serology: serum agglutination is the standard screening test, suspect reactions are examined further by heat inactivation and/or dilution. Elisa is accepted as the primary screening test in some countries. HI may be used, generally as a confirmatory test. Suspect flocks should be re-sampled after 2-3 weeks. Some inactivated vaccines for other diseases induce ‘false positives’ in serological testing for 3-8 weeks. PCR is possible if it is urgent to determine the flock status.

Treatment

CRD Plus 2ml/ Ltr

Adimmone 2ml/ Ltr

ADS Plus 1ml/ 5 Ltr

Efforts should be made to reduce dust and secondary infections.

CRD Plus, Adimmone and ADS Plus, are all made from pure organic herbs especially manufactured to keep in mind all the necessary aspects of the diseases caused by various factors in CRD. As an Immunomodulator Adimmone also plays a vital role as it is a unique combination of antioxidants, antibacterial and growth stimulator. ADS Plus is composed of Acidifier Disinfectant and Sanitizer It is revolutionary product which is used in poultry world
It is made up of many Organic herbs, It provides not only good sanitation but reduces ph of water also eradicates all infective and reproductive forms of all microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.), It is also used in domestic as well as commercial tanks to purify water in an organic way, It is used as an Organic Disinfectant, which removes more than 50% of disease agents it also makes them less effective, moreover It is most reliable and economical product, Extremely safe for poultry. Continuous use results in a tremendous decline in medication cost It is a super water sanitizer which is used in all types of livestock

 

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