Article: Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) – Dr. Muhammad Jahidul

Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), also known as Gumboro disease, is a highly contagious viral infection that affects poultry, particularly chickens. Prevention and control measures for IBD typically include:

Vaccination: Vaccination is the primary method for preventing IBD in poultry. Both live and inactivated vaccines are available. Chicks are usually vaccinated early in life, and booster vaccinations may be given depending on the vaccine type and local disease prevalence.

Biosecurity: Implement strict biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and spread of the virus on your poultry farm. This includes controlling access to the farm, disinfecting equipment, and minimizing contact with wild birds.

Quarantine: Isolate newly arrived birds or replacements from the rest of the flock for a period of time to monitor for signs of disease before introducing them to the main flock.

Sanitation: Maintain a clean and hygienic environment in the poultry house. Regularly clean and disinfect equipment, feeders, and drinkers.

Surveillance: Monitor your flock for any signs of IBD, such as decreased feed and water intake, diarrhea, and immunosuppression. Early detection can help prevent the spread of the virus.

Proper nutrition: Ensure that birds receive a balanced diet to maintain their overall health and immune system function.

Genetic selection: Select poultry breeds or strains that are less susceptible to IBD to reduce the risk of infection.

Avoid stress: Minimize stress factors such as overcrowding, sudden environmental changes, or transport, as stress can weaken the immune system and make birds more susceptible to IBD.

Consult a veterinarian: Regularly consult with a poultry veterinarian who can provide guidance on vaccination schedules and overall health management.

Emergency measures: In the event of an outbreak, isolate affected birds, and consider culling if necessary to prevent further spread. Disinfect the poultry house thoroughly.

Remember that prevention is key in managing IBD, and a combination of these measures can help protect your poultry flock from this disease. It’s important to tailor your approach based on the specific conditions of your farm and the guidance of local veterinary authorities.

-By: Dr. Muhammad Jahidul Islam (DVM) Department Manager (Sales & Marketing) Sylhet Agricultural University  C.P. Bangladesh Co., Ltd.Kushtia District, Khulna, Bangladesh